EXCERPTS FROM CAPTAIN JAMES COOK’S JOURNAL
DAILY ENTRIES from 29 April to 6 May 1770
Sunday 29 April 1770
Cook’s arrival at Botany Bay:
In the PM winds southerly and clear weather with which we stood into the bay and anchored under the South shore about 2 Mile within the entrance in 6 fathoms of water.
Sunday 6 May 1770
Cook departs from Botany Bay:
The great quantity of New Plants collected by Mr Banks and Dr Solander in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Sting Ray Harbour (later Botany Bay). It is … Capacious, safe and commodious.
During our stay in this Harbour I caused the English Colours to be displayed on shore every day and an inscription to be cut out upon one of the trees near the watering place setting forth the Ships name, date &Ca . Having seen everything this place afforded we at daylight in the Morning weighed (anchor) with a light breeze at the north-west and put to sea and, with the wind soon after coming to the Southward, we steered along shore (on the) north-north-east.
Cook sights Port Jackson:
... at Noon we were by observation … about 2 or 3 Miles from the land and abreast of a Bay, or Harbour, wherein there appeared to be safe anchorage which I called Port Jackson. It lies 3 leagues to the northward of Botany Bay …
Monday 7th May
Cook sights Broken Bay (entrance to Hawkesbury River)
Little wind southerly and serene pleasant weather … At sunset, the Northernmost land in sight (was) some broken land that appeared to form a Bay … This Bay I named Broken Bay.